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Native American Dollar coin Act

Public Law # 110-82

 Native American golden dollar coins are to begin production in 2009.  Public Law # 110-82 authorizes the United States Mint to begin production of what once was called the Sacagawea golden dollar coin.  However, beginning in 2009 the reverse design and edges of these dollar coins will change.  Native American Indian themes will decorate the reverse coin and the design will change yearly.  See related article  Sacagawea Dollars destined to change in 2009.   



121 STAT. 777 PUBLIC LAW 110–82—SEPT. 20, 2007

Public Law 110–82

110th Congress
An Act To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint and issue coins in commemoration of Native Americans and the important contributions made by Indian tribes
and individual Native Americans to the development of the United States and the history of the United States, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the

‘‘Native American $1 Coin Act’’.


SEC. 2. NATIVE AMERICAN $1 COIN PROGRAM.
Section 5112 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(r) REDESIGN AND ISSUANCE OF CIRCULATING $1 COINS HONORING NATIVE AMERICANS AND THE IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS MADE BY INDIAN TRIBES AND INDIVIDUAL NATIVE AMERICANS IN
UNITED STATES HISTORY.—
‘‘(1) REDESIGN BEGINNING IN 2008.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Effective beginning January 1, 2008,
notwithstanding subsection (d), in addition to the coins
to be issued pursuant to subsection (n), and in accordance
with this subsection, the Secretary shall mint and issue
$1 coins that—
‘‘(i) have as the designs on the obverse the socalled
‘Sacagawea design’; and
‘‘(ii) have a design on the reverse selected in
accordance with paragraph (2)(A), subject to paragraph
(3)(A).
‘‘(B) DELAYED DATE.—If the date of the enactment of
the Native American $1 Coin Act is after August 25, 2007,
subparagraph (A) shall be applied by substituting ‘2009’
for ‘2008’.
‘‘(2) DESIGN REQUIREMENTS.—The $1 coins issued in accordance
with paragraph (1) shall meet the following design requirements:
‘‘(A) COIN REVERSE.—The design on the reverse shall
bear—
‘‘(i) images celebrating the important contributions
made by Indian tribes and individual Native Americans
to the development of the United States and the history
of the United States;
‘‘(ii) the inscription ‘$1’; and
‘‘(iii) the inscription ‘United States of America’.
‘‘(B) COIN OBVERSE.—The design on the obverse shall—
Applicability.
Native American $1 Coin Act.


31 USC 5101 note.  Sept. 20, 2007  [H.R. 2358]

121 STAT. 778 PUBLIC LAW 110–82—SEPT. 20, 2007
‘‘(i) be chosen by the Secretary, after consultation
with the Commission of Fine Arts and review by the
Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee; and
‘‘(ii) contain the so-called ‘Sacagawea design’ and
the inscription ‘Liberty’.


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‘‘(C) EDGE-INCUSED INSCRIPTIONS.—
‘‘(i) IN GENERAL.—The inscription of the year of
minting and issuance of the coin and the inscriptions
‘E Pluribus Unum’ and ‘In God We Trust’ shall be
edge-incused into the coin.
‘‘(ii) PRESERVATION OF DISTINCTIVE EDGE.—The
edge-incusing of the inscriptions under clause (i) on
coins issued under this subsection shall be done in
a manner that preserves the distinctive edge of the
coin so that the denomination of the coin is readily
discernible, including by individuals who are blind or
visually impaired.
‘‘(D) REVERSE DESIGN SELECTION.—The designs selected
for the reverse of the coins described under this subsection—
‘‘(i) shall be chosen by the Secretary after consultation
with the Committee on Indian Affairs of the
Senate, the Congressional Native American Caucus of
the House of Representatives, the Commission of Fine
Arts, and the National Congress of American Indians;
‘‘(ii) shall be reviewed by the Citizens Coinage
Advisory Committee;
‘‘(iii) may depict individuals and events such as—
‘‘(I) the creation of Cherokee written language;
‘‘(II) the Iroquois Confederacy;
‘‘(III) Wampanoag Chief Massasoit;
‘‘(IV) the ‘Pueblo Revolt’;
‘‘(V) Olympian Jim Thorpe;
‘‘(VI) Ely S. Parker, a general on the staff
of General Ulysses S. Grant and later head of
the Bureau of Indian Affairs; and
‘‘(VII) code talkers who served the United
States Armed Forces during World War I and
World War II; and
‘‘(iv) in the case of a design depicting the contribution
of an individual Native American to the development
of the United States and the history of the United
States, shall not depict the individual in a size such
that the coin could be considered to be a ‘2-headed’
coin.


‘‘(3) ISSUANCE OF COINS COMMEMORATING

One NATIVE AMERICAN EVENT DURING EACH YEAR.—
‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each design for the reverse of the
$1 coins issued during each year shall be emblematic of
1 important Native American or Native American contribution
each year.
‘‘(B) ISSUANCE PERIOD.—Each $1 coin minted with a
design on the reverse in accordance with this subsection
for any year shall be issued during the 1-year period beginning
on January 1 of that year and shall be available
throughout the entire 1-year period.

121 STAT. 779 PUBLIC LAW 110–82—SEPT. 20, 2007
‘‘(C) ORDER OF ISSUANCE OF DESIGNS.—Each coin issued
under this subsection commemorating Native Americans
and their contributions—
‘‘(i) shall be issued, to the maximum extent practicable,
in the chronological order in which the Native
Americans lived or the events occurred, until the termination
of the coin program described in subsection
(n); and
 

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‘‘(ii) thereafter shall be issued in any order determined
to be appropriate by the Secretary, after consultation
with the Committee on Indian Affairs of the
Senate, the Congressional Native American Caucus of
the House of Representatives, and the National Congress
of American Indians.


‘‘(4) ISSUANCE OF NUMISMATIC COINS.—The Secretary may mint and issue such number of $1 coins of each design selected under this subsection in uncirculated and proof qualities as
the Secretary determines to be appropriate.


‘‘(5) QUANTITY.—The number of $1 coins minted and issued
in a year with the Sacagawea-design on the obverse shall
be not less than 20 percent of the total number of $1 coins
minted and issued in such year.’’

 

SEC. 3. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.
Section 5112(n)(1) of title 31, United States Code, is amended—
(1) by striking the paragraph designation and heading and
all that follows through ‘‘Notwithstanding subsection (d)’’ and
inserting the following:
‘‘(1) REDESIGN BEGINNING IN 2007.—Notwithstanding subsection
(d)’’;
(2) by striking subparagraph (B); and
(3) by re-designating clauses (i) and (ii) as subparagraphs
(A) and (B), respectively, and indenting the subparagraphs
appropriately.


SEC. 4. REMOVAL OF BARRIERS TO CIRCULATION OF $1 COIN.
(a) IN GENERAL.—In order to remove barriers to circulation,
the Secretary of the Treasury shall carry out an aggressive, costeffective,
continuing campaign to encourage commercial enterprises
to accept and dispense $1 coins that have as designs on the obverse
the so-called ‘‘Sacagawea design’’.
31 USC 5112

121 STAT. 780 PUBLIC LAW 110–82—SEPT. 20, 2007
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY—H.R. 2358:
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 153 (2007):
June 12, considered and passed House.
Aug. 3, considered and passed Senate, amended.
Sept. 4, House concurred in Senate amendment.

(b) REPORT.—The Secretary of the Treasury shall submit to
Congress an annual report on the success of the efforts described
in subsection (a).
Approved September 20, 2007
.

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 See related article  Sacagawea Dollars destined to change in 2009. 

 

  

 

 

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